Biržai Region Museum Sėla
Juzef Naronovičius-Naronskis’ map of the Duchy of Biržai (1645) is a guide around the duchy.
1547-1603
Duke Krzysztof Radziwiłł “The Thunderbolt”
1547-1603

Duke Krzysztof Radziwiłł “The Thunderbolt”

1547-1603

Krzysztof Radziwiłł “The Thunderbolt” was a renowned political and military figure. He held several positions: Cup-bearer (1569), Field Hetman (1572), Castellan of Trakai, Deputy Chancellor of Lithuania (1579), Vilnius Voivode (1584) and Grand Hetman (1589). In 1564, at the age of 17, he took part in the epic Battle of Ula together with his father. Later, he fought victoriously against the Russian army in Livonia.

 

During the wars with the Swedes, Krzysztof  won the Battle of Kokenhausen in 1601 and drove out the Swedes out of Vidzemė in present-day Latvia. However, after King Sigismund III Vasa of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth replaced him with Jan "Sobiepan" Zamoyski, Krzysztof Radziwiłł quit military service.

 

Legally, until 1584, Biržai Duchy belonged to Mikołaj Radziwiłł “The Red”. However, Krzysztof managed it from 1571. On December 6, 1580, Stephen Báthory, the King of Poland, gave him Naujamiestis. Krzysztof  fully established Salamiestis estate. In 1584, M.Roda sold his estate near Biržai (later known as Naradava) to Krzysztof Radziwiłł for 3000 groschen. On April 17, 1584, river Nemunėlis was defined  as the northern border of the Biržai Duchy.

 

In 1586-1589, Duke  Radziwiłł “The Thunderbolt” built the first Italian-style bastion fortress in Biržai. On March 9, 1589,  Sigismund III Vasa granted Magdeburg Rights to Biržai.

 

In 1598, Krzysztof Radziwiłł “The Thunderbolt” possesed 106 voloks in Kiemėnai. He purchased  the Saločiai estate from a man named Komarovsky in 1601. In doing this, he formed the Biržai Duchy, initiated at the turn of the 16th century. In 1604, written records refer to the Biržai lands as a duchy for the first time.

 

Krzysztof Radziwiłł “The Thunderbolt” married four times – Katarzyna Sobek  Sulejówka (died 1576), Katarzyna Ostrogska (died 1579), Katarzyna Tęczyńska (died 1592) and Elżbieta Ostrogska(died 1599). From his first marriage he had a son, Janusz Radziwiłł and from the third a  son Krzysztof Radziwiłł and a daughter Elżbieta.  Krzysztof Radziwiłł “The Thunderbolt”  died on November 20, 1603 in Lososna and was buried in Vyžuonai on  April 8, 1604.

Hey.lt - Nemokamas lankytojų skaitliukas

Legal name: Municipality Budget Office; address: J.Radvilos 3, LT-41175, Biržai; company code: 190562082; tel./ fax: +370 450 31883; email: sela@birzumuziejus.lt 

Data is accumulated and kept at the Registry of Legal Entities.

MultimediaMark